Latest update 13.08.2019 Category: Music Studies

Absolutism and the Age of Science in Brandenburg Concerto Number 5 by Johaness Bach. essay

Bach; Brandenberg Concertos Essay Completely on

Cultural Background Baroque is a term borrowed from the visual arts and one that is used in many different senses. The Baroque Era applies to the years between 1600 and 1750. The most famous composers of this time were Bach, Handel, Vivaldi and Teleman. Politically it was an age of magnificent absolute Monarch’s. The most magnificent of all was Louis XIV of France. Louis ruled from 1634 until 1713. During this time the need to create a national

Learning to Listen: Bach's Brandenburg Concertos 4, 5 and 6 Completely on

And all of this business of having the A in the bass on each beat of the measure 51; that is the dominant of D, so we expect he'll take us back to D, but he doesn't and it's the best part in the world. Rather than going from V-I in a perfect cadence of some sort, Bach uses a deceptive cadence to trick us (9:50). Additionally, to make things even more harmonically interesting, he uses a secondary dominant to get there. So instead of V-I (A to D), he rather writes V - V7/vi - vi (A to F#7 to B min). That A in the bass Bach had been harping on for so many measures becomes the A# (at 9:50) that leads us to the B minor arrival at 9:51.

Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 Program Notes Completely on

...End-of-Semester Program NotesI. Allegro from Sonata in G minor for flute and harpsichord Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750) BWV 1020 The Sonata in G minor, BWV 1020, is traditionally attributed to Bach, but it is almost certainly not a work by J.S. Bach; it may, however, have been composed by his son C.P.E. Bach. The originally intended ensemble seems to be flute and harpsichord, but the work is commonly performed on both flute and violin. Anyways, this is an elegant piece of lateBaroque chamber music, and it is not put to any shame by the six unquestionably authentic flute sonatas by J.S. Bach. The opening movement of this sonata presents no tempo indication in Urtext editions, but it is generally considered to be an Allegro. The entirety of the opening theme is given to the harpsichord as a solo; when the flute enters some bars later, the music briefly takes on a more spacious form, but soon the energetic theme creeps back in.Andalouse Emile Pessard (1843–1917) Op. 20 This charming piece for Flute and Piano was written by French Romantic composer Emile Pessard. With its use of characteristic modes and rhythms, it captures the sound and spirit of flamenco music, which has its origins in Andalusia in the south of Spain. He studied at the Paris Conservatoire where he won 1st prize in Harmony. Where from 1881 he was a professor of harmony, and composed operas, notably Les folies amoureuses (1891), light instrumental music and highly regarded...

The Bach Choir of Bethlehem Completely on

There are, nonetheless, certain similarities which arise from their being concertos by the same composer. Among Bach’s influences in instrumental writing were a group of Italian composers who were Bach’s approximate contemporaries (or very near predecessors, separated by very few years), including (most especially) Vivaldi. We know that Bach studied Vivaldi’s concertos, because he re-scored some of them himself. From Vivaldi and other Italian composers Bach learned the concerto grosso format, where a large ensemble (tuti, or ripieno) alternates with a soloist or solo group (concertino). This creates contrasts in texture, dynamics, and sometimes melody. The ripieno plays the opening section, which establishes a recurring theme (ritornello) for the movement. The episodes which fall between statements of the ritornello are performed by the concertino; these passages are more virtuosic, and may sound improvised, even when they are written out. Often, the melodic material comprising the episodes is based on motives from the ritornello, but after a short time, the theme is developed in a new direction.

First Movement From Brandenburg Concerto No 2 By J S Bach Completely on

We shall focus on the first movement. The trumpet part stands out most notably, as it is written to be performed in the difficult clarion style, in which the trumpeter plays in the very highest registers within the instrument’s capacity, using only the power of rapid lip movements and precisely controlled breathing to change the instrument’s pitch. In Bach’s time, trumpets did not have valves as they do now. In most contemporary performances, a piccolo trumpet is used to perform the original trumpet part as the piccolo trumpet is tuned higher. Whatever the case, the trumpet part stands out starkly in the texture of the piece, with its aggressive and lively tones soaring over the sonic landscape within this piece as it mirrors the orchestra and flies off on its own fancies. This trumpet part is considered a worthy challenge for any advanced player who dares take it on.

The Second Brandenburg Concerto Completely on

...create a clear and present danger that they will bring about the substantive evils that Congress has a right to prevent." During wartime, utterances tolerable in peacetime can be punished. Procedural History: Schenck was indicted on three counts of violating the espionage act by trying to obstruct recruitment into the US military. Issue: Whether Schenck’s actions are protected by the free speech clause of the first amendment. Holding: No, the Supreme Court judged Schenck’s actions to be against the wartime needs of the state. Rule of Law: Clear and Present danger test says that if the language used creates a clear and present danger Congress can prevent it and in this case it’s dangerous because it obstructs the US from its wartime goals. Brandenburg v. Ohio Facts/ Reasoning Precedents: The appellant telephoned an announcer reporter on the staff of the Cincinnati TV station and invited him to go to a KKK rally. They recorded all they saw at the rally including the appellant promote the taking of vengeful actions against government. The Court finds that constitutional guarantees of free speech and free press don’t permit the state to forbid the use of force or law violation except where such advocacy is directed to inciting imminent lawless action. Procedural History: A leader of the KKK was convicted under the Ohio Syndicalism statute for advocating crime, sabotage, violence, or unlawful methods of terrorism as a means of accomplishing industrial or political...