Latest update 13.08.2019 Category: American Studies and History

An Analysis of the Mexico Olympic Games in 1968. essay

Mexico 1968 Completely on historylearningsite.co.uk

One of the greatest sprinters in the world in 1968 was Tommy Smith. By the end of his athletics career, Smith had equaled or broken thirteen world records. Close behind him in the rankings was John Carlos. Both were team mates at San Jose State College. In the build up to the games, all African-American athletes were urged to boycott the games by the Olympic Project for Human Rights (OPHR). A member of OPHR was Harry Edwards who was a friend of both sprinters and had influenced Smith and Carlos even before the Mexico games. Though a boycott never materialised, both Smith and Carlos agreed on a protest at the medal ceremony for the 200 meters which both were expected to be at.

The 1968 Olympics essays Completely on megaessays.com

The 1968 Olympics- the 19th Olympiad was said to have been the highest and most controversial games ever to be held. Held in Mexico City, Mexico, it was the first Olympiad to be held in Latin America. Because of the elevation in Mexico City of 7,349 feet above sea level, the thin air helped many old records to be broken. The year 1968 itself was a different year. The Vietnam War was under way and social leader Martin Luther King Jr. had just been assassinated. To add to that, ten days prior to the scheduled opening of the Games, students at Mexico City University protested and army troops were called in. Thirty students were killed as the protest turned to riot. Back in the United States, the Civil Rights movement was occurring. The United States took home 45 Gold Medals in 1968, with the United Socialists Soviet Republic following them with 29. Japan trailed with 11 Gold Medals, and Hungary followed with 10. East Germany had 9, and France and Czechoslovakia tied with 7 Gold Medals. West Germany, Australia, and Poland all tied with 5 total Gold Medals, and Romania went home with 4. In the track and field events, almost every record was broken because of the air. Athletes like Jim Hines helped the USA Olympic Team win in the track activities. Hines set the world record for the 100 meter dash at 9.95 seconds and kept that a world record for 15 years and an Olympic record for 20 years. He also helped the men's relay team set a world record for the 4 x 100 meter relay at 38.23 seconds. Bill Toomey earned his gold medal in 1968 earning 8,158 points in the decathlon, and his 400 meter time still stands for a decathlon world record. Racism was not forgotten even in the Olympics. Tommie Smith and John Carlos ran 1st and 3rd place in the 200 meter race and during the awards ceremony gave the Black Power Salute. The Black Power Salute was a non-violent protest against racism in the United States. The two men were ...

1968 Summer Olympics Completely on en.wikipedia.org

In another notable incident in the gymnastics competition, while standing on the medal podium after the balance beam event final, in which Natalia Kuchinskaya of the Soviet Union had controversially taken the gold, Czechoslovakian gymnast Věra Čáslavská quietly turned her head down and away during the playing of the Soviet national anthem. The action was Čáslavská's silent protest against the recent Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. Her protest was repeated when she accepted her medal for her floor exercise routine when the judges changed the preliminary scores of the Soviet Larisa Petrik to allow her to tie with Čáslavská for the gold. While Čáslavská's countrymen supported her actions and her outspoken opposition to communism (she had publicly signed and supported Ludvik Vaculik's "Two Thousand Words" manifesto), the new regime responded by banning her from both sporting events and international travel for many years and made her an outcast from society until the fall of communism.

Mexico City 1968 Olympic Games Completely on britannica.com

The 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City were the most politically charged Olympics since the 1936 Games in Berlin. Ten days before the Games were to open, students protesting the Mexican government’s use of funds for the Olympics rather than for social programs were surrounded in the Plaza of Three Cultures by the army and fired upon. More than 200 protesters were killed and over a thousand injured. At the victory ceremony for the men’s 200-metre run, Americans Tommie Smith and John Carlos (gold and bronze medalists, respectively) stood barefoot, each with head bowed and a single black-gloved fist raised during the national anthem. The athletes described the gesture as a tribute to their African American heritage and a protest of the living conditions of minorities in the United States. Officials from the International Olympic Committee and the U.S. Olympic Committee judged the display to be counter to the ideals of the Games; both athletes were banned from the Olympic Village and sent home.